Venezuela is one of the most colorful countries in South America. Here, the snowy peaks of the Andes and the Amazonian jungle, the beautiful Gran Sabana plateau and almost 3,000 km of sandy shores, the largest lake in South America – Maracaibo and the third longest river on the planet – Orinoco, the highest waterfall on the planet – Angel and the longest cable car in the world. And all this is surrounded by a luxurious and diverse flora, under whose shelter more than 3,000 varieties of exotic animals live, including the jaguar, ocelot, tapir, armadillo, anteater and the longest snake in the world – the anaconda.
Lagoon Lake Maracaibo is the largest lake in South America (about 12,800 sq. km).
Angel Falls – the highest waterfall in the world (water fall height 807 m).
The longest and highest cable car on the planet is located in Merida. Teleferico de Mérida (1958) stretches from the city center to the top of Espejo Peak (4765 m), forming a route with a total length of 12.6 km.
The longest bridge in South America is Rafael Urdaneta, which spans the throat of Lake Maracaibo (total length 8679 m).
Venezuela is located in the northern part of South America, between Brazil in the south (the total length of the border is about 2200 km), Colombia in the west (2050 km) and Guyana (743 km) in the east.
From the north it is washed by the Caribbean Sea of the Atlantic Ocean (the length of the coastline is about 2800 km). Venezuela owns the islands of Aves, Orchila, Los Hermanos, Los Testigos, Margarita, La Tortuga, Los Roques and Blancilla, as well as a number of small coral islands (about 72) and reefs (about 200) in the southern Caribbean Sea.
The total area of the country is 912 thousand square meters. km.
Venezuela can be quite clearly divided into four regions, which differ markedly from each other in terms of relief, climate and vegetation.
The mountainous region of the Andes, a strip stretching across the entire northwestern part of the country. The spurs of the great Andes system form on the territory of Venezuela a complex network of ridges and valleys covered with rainforest and plantations of coffee or cocoa. In the mountains of the Sierra Nevada de Merida are the highest mountains of Venezuela, covered with snow almost all year round, among which the highest point of the country – Peak Bolivar (5007 m) stands out.
The vast area of Los Llanos, lying in the basins of the Apure and Orinoco rivers, occupies about 30% of the country’s territory. It is a region of endless savannahs, cattle ranches and dense riverine forests that are home to dozens of species of exotic living creatures. There are jaguars, anteaters, monkeys, as well as the largest rodent on the planet – the capybara. Crocodiles, piranhas, the longest snake on the planet – the anaconda, and even the rarest freshwater dolphins live in the waters of the Orinoco. And the rainforests themselves are the home of many Indian peoples of Venezuela (“huarao”, “yanomami”, “piaroa” and others).
In the southeast of the country, the Guiana Plateau rises up to 2700 m high – the main storehouse of the country’s minerals and the main area of active tourism in Venezuela. Numerous rivers run down the slopes of the mountains, forming a huge number of waterfalls. Dense forests cover almost all the lower tiers of mountain ranges, passing in leeward areas to seasonally wet monsoon forests and savannahs.
The long Caribbean coast of the country forms a fairly indented narrow strip in the northern part of Venezuela. More than 1,700 km of sandy shores, about 600 km of island coastline, more than 500 bays and bays framed by lush greenery create excellent conditions for a sea holiday.
The country is located just north of the equator, and therefore the temperature varies relatively little throughout the year – with an average annual temperature in the range of + 21-26 C, in Caracas it ranges from +18 to +20 C, and in Maracaibo from +27 to + 29 C. In mountainous areas, the average January air temperature ranges from +4-9 C, while in summer it can reach +23 C, depending on the height above sea level.
Conventionally, two seasons are distinguished, which differ markedly from each other in the amount of precipitation, but differ little in temperature. The dry season is from December to April. The wet season covers the rest of the time. In the Amazon region, there is no pronounced dry season, precipitation is distributed fairly evenly. The territory of the country lies away from the path of tropical hurricanes and is almost not exposed to their destructive effects.
The best time to visit the country is from November to May, but some world-famous attractions (Angel Falls and others) are most picturesque during the rainy season. However, at any time of the year there is warm and quite comfortable weather.